Indian Culture General knowledge for ssc, upsc and Ias exam-Pdf download

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Indian Culture:

Basically India is popular for own culture amongst all the countries; Indian culture is one of the known cultures to humanity. Although it is very difficult to defined Indian culture heritage of India but still an attempt has been made to cover some of the most important relevant areas of Indian culture.

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The major sections are as follows:

  • Literature
  • Dance
  • Music
  • Architecture

Literature:

Name of Book Name of author
Ramayana Valmiki
Mahabharata Ved Vyas
Ramcharti Manas Tulsidas
Ashtadhyayi Panini
Abhigyan Shakuntalam Kalidas
Meghdoot Kalidas
Vikmovarshiyam Kalidas
Ritusamhar Kalidas
Mrichchkatika Shudraka
Ratnavali Harsha Vardhan
Geetgovinda Jayadeva
Arthashastra Vishnugupt/Chanakya
Kamasutra Vatsyayan
Svapnavasavdattam Bhaasa
Manusmriti Manu
Ananda Math/Kapal Kundala Bankim Chandra Chatterjee
Devdas Sharat Chandra Chatterjee
Gitanjali Rabindranath Tagore
Gita Rahasya B.G. Tilak
Harsha Charita Banabhatta
Kadambari Banabhatta
Kamyani Jai Shankar Prasad
Mundra Rakshas Vishakhadutta
Panchatantra Vishnu Sharma
Satyartha Prakash Swami Dayananda Saraswati
Mitakshara Vignaneshwara
Godan Premchand
Sooryakanthi G Sankara Kurup

Dance:

  • In India dance can be divided into two types. Like classical dance and folk dance.

Important Classical dances of India:

Name of the dance                Region Some important facts
Kathakali, Mohiniattam, Chakiarkoothu, ottum thual Kerala A. Pallavi Krishnan and Bharti Shivaji are the famous exponents of Mohiniattam from of dance.B. Madavoor Vasudevan nair is famous exponent of Kathakali from of dance
Bharatnatyam Tamil Nadu A.      The famous exponents of this dance from are Yamini Krishnamurty, Padma Subramanyam, Mallika Sarabhai
Kuchipudi Andhra Pradesh
  • The famous exponents of this dance from are form are Raja and Radha Reddy, Yamini Krishnamurty, Malika Sarabhai
Odissi Orissa
  • ·The Famous exponents of this dance form are late Kelucharan Mahapatra,  and Sonal Mansingh
Kathak Uttarpradesh
  • The Famous exponents of this dance from Birjoo Maharaj and Uma Sharma
Manipuri Manipur
Yakshagana Karnataka
                                                Popular Folks Dances of India
Chhou Nach and Ghambira West Bengal
Kolattam Kerala
Bhangara Punjab
Nautanki Uttar Pradesh
Dandya Ras and Garba Gujarat
Tamasha Maharashtra
Fegun and Jata Jatin Bihar
Macha Madhya Pradesh
Ankia Nat and Bihu Assam
Ghummar Rajasthan

Music:

List of Famous and Important music artist of India and their associated disciplines:

Name of Musician Famous in
Pt.Bhimsen Joshi Hindustani Vocalist
Pt. Jasraj Hindustani Vocalist
Late M.S. Subbulakshmi Famous Carnatic Vocalist
Allauddin Khan Hindustani Vocalist
Bade Gulam Ali khan Hindustani Vocalist
Basavraj Rajguru Hindustani Vocalist
Dr.M.Balmuralikrishna Carnatic Vocalist
D.K.Pattamal Carnatic Vocalist
K.J.Yesudas Carnatic Vocalist
Late Gangubai Hangal Hindustani Vocalist
Parveen Sultan Hindustani Vocalist
Rajan and Sajan Mishra Hindustani Vocalist
Kishori Amonkar Hindustani Vocalist
Pt.Ravi Shankar Sitar
Pt. Ajya Chakraborty Hindustani Vocalist
Ustad ali Akbar Khan Sarod
Ustad Amjal Ali Khan Sarod
Pt.Hari Prasad Chaurasiya Flute

Important musical instrumental of India:

Name of the musical instrument Name of the Artist
Sitar Pandit Ravi Shankar, Debu Chaudhary, Annapuran Devi, Anoushka Shankar
Flute Pt.Hari Prasad Chourasiya, Jayantha Bannerjee
Violin N.Rajam, P.L.Pawar
Sarod Amjad ali Kihan, Ali Akbar Khan, Aman and Aryan Ali bangish, Sharan rani
Shehnai Bismillah Khan, Shailesh Bhagat, Anant Lal
Tabla Shafat Ahemed, kishan maharaj, late Allah Rakha, Ustad Zakir Hussian
Santoor Bhajan Sopori, Shiv Kumar Sharma
Mohan veena Vishwa Mohan bhatt
Sarangi Ram Narayan