Sports general knowledge for SSC, UPSC and IAS exam-Pdf download

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Important Sports Festivals of the world:


The Olympic:

  • Olympic is the world’s most prestigious, international sports festival. These game originated in the ancient city of Greece.

Modern Olympic Games: 

  • Frenchman Baron de Coubertin is known as the father of modern Olympic Games which started in 1896, in Athens. These Games are held every four years, since then.
  • The winter Olympic games were started separately in 1924 in France.

Some important fact about Olympic game:

  • The Modern Olympic Games were held at Athens, capital of Greece in 1896.
  • India has been never hosted the Olympic Games in its history.
  • Last Olympic Game was held in 2012 in London and was the 30th edition of the Game.
  • The Olympic flag is white in colour and has the emblem five rings, embedded at the center of the flag.
  • The Emblem is made up of five intertwined rings having different colours which represent five continents of the world.
  • Olympic motto is “Citius, Altius, Furtius” which means swifter, higher, and stronger.

Commonwealth game:

  • The Commonwealth games were held first in 1930 at Canada. They are also held every four years, midway between Olympic Games.

Asian Games:

  • Asian games were held at Asian countries. J.L.Nehru was instrumental in giving shape to Asian games. First Asian Games were held at New Delhi in 1951 and since then, these games have been taking place every four years.

World Cup:

  • It is related to cricket, almost all the sporting events has world cup generally conducted with an interval of every four years.

List of important International Cups, Trophies and Associated Sports Disciplines:

Name of Cup/trophy Associated sports
Davis Cup/Federation (Women) Lawn Tennis
Wimbledon Trophy Law tennis
Australian Open Lawn tennis
US Open, French open Lawn tennis
Derby Horse racing
Merdeka Football
Thomas Cup (Men) Badminton
Uber Cup (Women) Badminton
Yonex Cup Badminton
Walker Cup Golf
Ryder Cup Golf
Canada Cup Golf
William Jones Cup Basketball
Champions Trophy Hockey
Champions League Football
Sultan Azlan Shah Cup Hockey

List of Important national Cups, trophies and Associated Sports Disciplines:

Name of the Cup/trophy Associated sports
Duleep Trophy Cricket
Shish mahal Trophy Cricket
Ranji Trophy (National title) Cricket
Vijay Hazarey Trophy Cricket
Irani Trophy Cricket
Durand Cup Football
Santosh memorial Trophy Football
Subroto Cup Football
Rovers Cup  Football
Sanjay Gold Cup Football
Nizam Gold Cup Football
DR. B.C Roy Trophy ( National Junior Championship) Football
Rangaswami Cup (National Title) Hockey
Lady Ratan Tata Trophy Hockey
Nehru Trophy Hockey
Aga Khan Gold Cup Hockey
Beighton Cup Hockey
Guru Nanak Championship ( All-India Women) Hockey
Dhyan Chand Trophy Hockey
Murugappa Gold Cup Hockey
Ezar Cup Polo

Important terms Associated with sports disciplines:

Sports name Term associated with sports disciplines
Badminton Luv, deuce, drop, smash, double touch
Basketball Pivot, dribble, basket, block, held ball
Billiards Spider, baulk cue, scratch, cannon,
Boxing Hook, rounds, punch, Jab, countdown, knock-outs, all the weight, (Flyweight, middleweight, heavyweight, etc)
Bridge Tricks, trump, suite, little slam, rubber
Chess Knight, king, sicilian , defence, move, gambit, checkmate, rook, stalemate, queen, bishop, pawn
Cricket Gylly, hat-trick, pull, beamer, hook, googly, flick, follow-on, maiden, declare,
Golf Tee, birdie, club, course, Iron, eagle, links, caddie, putt, hole, bogey, force, Nibilic
Hockey Center, penalty-stroke, free hit, foul, carry, stick, corner, dribble, trapping
Table tennis Deuce, drop, spin, smash, let
Tennis Grand slam,lob, ace, passing shot, top-spin, forehand, crosscourt, deuce, down the line, slice
Volleyball Heave, serve, blocking, point, doubling

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