List of important books and authors for IBPS PO, Clerk, SBI and SSC exam

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Important Books and Authors:

Back with important general awareness topic generally asked in any competitive exam like IBPS PO, IBPS Clerk, SBI PO and SBI Clerk. Today we are going to discuss about famous books and authors. There are various famous books in India as well as world. Here we are giving list of some important books and author usually asked in IBPS PO, IBPS Clerk and any competitive exam. As you know that, In India there are many famous books like Mahabharata, Ramayana and other books. So participating candidates must check list of important books and author Pdf. Candidates can see 2-3 question from this topic in any competitive exam. Interested aspirant can download list of important books and authors from given link below.

Book Name Written By
                                              Start From “A”
Adventures of Sherlock Holmes Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
Adventures of Tom Sawyer Mark Twain
Ain-i-Ak Bari Abul Fazal
The Alchemist Paulo Colelho
All’s Well that Ends Well William Shakespeare
An American Tragedy  Theodore Dreiser
An Idealist view of life Dr S. Radhakrishnan
Anand Math Bankim Chandra Chattaerjee
Androcles and the Lion George Bernard Shaw
Ape and Essence A.Huxley
Apple Cart George Bernard Shaw
Arabian Nights Sir Richard Burton
Area of Dark ness V.S. Naipaul
Arthashastra Kautilya
Arms and the Man George Bernard Shaw
Around the world in eighty days Jule verne
As you like it William Shakeshpeare
Autobiography of an unknown Indian Nirad C.Choudhary
                                     Start From” B ”
Babur-nama Babur
Between the lines Kuldip Nayar
Bharat Bharati Maithili Sharan Gupt
Bitter Sweet Noel Coward
Brave new world Aldous Huxley
Broken wings Sarjonini Naidu
Bunch of old letters Jawaharlal Nehru
Caesar and Cleopatra George Bernard Shaw
Canterbury Tales Geoffrey Chaucer
Chitra Rabindranath Tagore
Comedy of errors William Shakespeare
Coolie Mulk Raj Anand
Crime and punishment Fyodor Dostoevsky
Das Kapital Karl Marx
David Copperfield Charles Dickens
Descent of Man Charles Darwin
Dilemma of Our Time Harold Joseph Laski
Discovery of India Jawaharlal Nehru
Divine Life Swami Sivananda
Doctor’s Dilemma George Bernard Shaw
Doctor Zhivago Boris Pastenark
Ends and Means Aldous Huxley
Farewell to Arms Ernest Hemingway
First among Equals Jeffrey Archer
For Whom the Bell Tolls Ernest Hemingway
Freedom at midnight Lary Collins and Dominique Lapierre
Future Shock Alvin Troffler
Geet Govinda Jay Deva
Gitanjali Rabindranath Tagore
Gita Rahasya Bal Gangadar Tilik
Glimpses of world History Jawaharlal Nehru
Godan Munshi Prem Chand
Golden threshold Sarojini Naidu
 The Golden Gate Vikram Seth
Gone with the Wind Margaret Mitchell
Gora Rabindranath Tagore
Grammar of Politics Harold Laski
Great Expectations Charles Dickens
Guide, The R K.Naryana
Gul-e-Naghma Raghupati Sahai Friaq
Gulliver’s travels Jonathan Swift
Hamlet William Shakespeare
Harsha Charita Bana Bhatt
Heat and Dust Ruth P.Jhabwala
Hindu view of life Dr S.Radhakrishnan
If I am assassinated Z.A.Bhutto
Illiad Homer
Importance of Being Earnest Oscar Wilde
India Divided Rajendra Prasad
India Wins freedom Maulana Abdul kalam Azad
Indian home Rule M.K.Gandhi
Indian philosophy Dr S.Radhakrishnan
Invisible man H.G.Wells
Iron in the Soul Jean Paul Sartre
Ivanhoe Walter Scott
Judgment, The  Kuldip Nayar
Julius Caesar William Shakespeare
Jungle Book Rudyard Kipling
Kadambari Bana Bhatt
Kamasutra Vatsyayan
Kamayani Jai Shakar Prasad
King Lear William Shakespeare
Kumar Sambhava Kalidas
Life Divine Aurobindo Ghosh
Letters from a Father to his Daughter Jawaharlal Nehru
Lolita V.Nabakov
Love Story Eric Segal
Macbeth William Shakespeare
Mahabharata Ved Vyas
Man and Superman George Bernard Shaw
Man of Destiny George Bernard Shaw
Meghdoot Kalidas
Midnight’s children Salaman Rushdie
Merchant  of Venice William Shakespeare
Mother Maxim Gorky
Much ado about Nothing William Shakespeare
Mudra Rakshas Vishakadutta
My Experiment with Truth  Mahatma Gandhi
My Music, My Life Ravi Shankar
My Truth Indira Gandhi
Natya Shastra Bharat Muni
Nine days Wonder John Masefield
Odyssey Homer
Oliver Twist Charles Dickens
Origin of Species Charles Darwin
Othello William Shakespeare
Panchatantra Vishnu Sharma
Passage to England, A Nirad C.Choudhary
Paradise Lost John Milton
Passage to India, A E.M. Forster
The Patriot Pearl S. Buck
Post office Rabindranath Tagore
Pride and Prejudice Jane Austen
Raghuvamsa Kalidas
Ram Charita Manas Tulsidas
Ramayana Valmiki
Ratnavali Harsha Vardhan
Ritu Samhara Kali das
Romeo and Juliet William Shakespeare
Rubaiyat Omar Khayyam
Sadar-i-Riyasat Karan Singh
Satyartha Prakash Swami Dayanand Saraswati
Savitri Sri Aurobindo Ghosh
Sense and sensibility Jane Austen
Satanic Verses, The Salman Rushdie
Shahnama Firdausi
Shakuntala Kalidas
Shape of thing to come H.G.Wells
Shame Salman Rushdie
Sohrab and Rustum Mathew Arnold
Sunny Days Sunil Gavaskar
Tale of Two cities, A Charles Dickens
Tempest, The William Shakespeare
Three Musketeers Alexander Dumas
Time machine H.G. Wells
To Liver or Not to Live Nirad C. Choudhary
Triumph John Kenneth Galbraith
Twelfth Night William Shakespeare
Twenty Years After Alexander Dumas
Two Leaves and a Bud Mulk Raj Anand
Ulysses James Joyce
Unto This last John Ruskin
Utopia Thomas Moore
Uttar Ramcharita Bhabhuti
Valley of Dolls Jacqueline Susann
Vanity Fair William Thackeray
Vinay Patrika Tulsidas
Virginians, The William Thackeray
Vish Vriksha Bankim Chandra Chatterjee
Voice of Conscience V.V.Giri
Wake Up India Annie Beseant
War and Peace Leo Tolstoy
Wealth of Nations Adam Smith
Wonder that Was India, The A.L. Basham
Yama Mahadevi Verma

List of Important national and international days and date pdf download

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Again we back with latest general awareness topics usually asked in any competitive exam like IBPS PO, IBPS Clerk, IBPS RRB, SSC, Railway and other competitive exam. Today here we are going to share important days and date. You can see important days and date in any competitive exam so this is very important topic for those students are honestly preparation form competitive exam. Usually 2-3 question asked form important days and date topics in any government exam so you if you get 2-3 mark in competitive exam then your rank will be high. So guys don’t miss this topic.

Important day and date for competitive exam 2015:

                                                  Month of January
1st January Global Family day, World Peace day
10th January World Laughter day
12th January National Youth Day
15th January National Army Day
23rd January Netajai Subhas Chandra Bosh Birth day
26th January Republic Day
26th January International customs day
30th January World Leprosy Eradication Day
30th January Matyr’s day
                                               Month of February
4th February World Cancer day
5th February Kashmir day
6th February International day against Female Gential Mutilation
14th February Valentine’s day
20th February World day of Social Justice
21st February International Mother Language Day
28th February National Science day
                                                Month of March 
4th March National Security day
8th March International’s Women day
12th March World Kidney day
13th March World Rotaract Day
15th March World Consumer right day
21st March World Sleepy day, World Forest day
22nd March World water day
23rd March World Metrological day
24th March World T.B Day
                                                 Month Of April
2nd April World Autism day
7th April World health Day
21st April Civil Service day
22nd April Earth Day
24th April National Panchayati Raj day
                                                Month of May
1st May World labour day
3rd May World Press Freedom day
11th May National Technology day
21st May Anti-Terrorism day
31st May Anti-Tobacoo day
                                                 Month of June
5th June World Environment day
21st June World Yoga Day
                                                 Month of July
1st July National Doctor’s day
11th July World Population day
12th July Malala day
18th July National Mandela day
28th July World nature conservation day
                                                 Month of August
6th August Hiroshima Day
9th August Nagasaki Day
12th August International Youth day
29th August National Sports day
                                                Month of September
5th September Teacher’s day
8th September World Literacy day
14th September Hindi Diwas
15th September Engineer’s day in India
16th September World Ozone day
                                               Month of October
2nd October National nonviolence day/Gandhi Day 
8th October Air force day
9th October World Post office day
24th October United nation day
                                                 Month of November
17th November World Student day
18th November World Adults Day
19th November World Citizen day
26th November National Law days
                                                Month of December
1st December AIDS day
2nd December World Computer literacy day
4th December Navy day
10th December Human right day
14th December National Energy conservation day
24th December National consumer day
25th December Good governance day

Important date and day always remember in mind:

International day:

Date Day name
26th January World Customs Day
8th March World Women’s Day
15th march World Consumer’s Day
21st March World Forest Day
22nd March World water Day
23rd March World metrological day
7th April World health Day
17th April World Hemophilia Day
18th April World Heritage Day
22nd April World Earth Day
1stMay World Labour Day
3rd May International Press Freedom Day
8th May World Red Cross Day
31st May Anti-tobacco Day
5th June World Environment Day
26th June World against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking
11th July World Population day
8th September World Literacy day
16th September World Ozone day
27th September World Tourism Day
3rd October World Habit day 
14th October World Standards Day
16th October World Food Day
1st December World AIDS Day
10th December World Human Right day

National Day:

Date Day name
12th January National Youth day
15th January Army Day
23rd January Netaji S.C Bose’s Birth Anniversary
26th January Republic day
30th January Mahatma Gandhi’s Death Anniversary
30th January Matyr’s Day
24th February Central Excise day
28th February National Science day
21st May Antiterrorism Day
15th August Independence Day
29th August National Sports Day
5th September Teacher’s day
2nd October Gandhi jayati
8th October Indian Air Force day
14th November Children’s Day
4th December Navy Day
23rd December Kisan Divas (Farmer’s day

SBI PO Main exam review 26 July 2015-GK and computer question asked in SBI PO Main exam

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Good Evening friends, how are you? Today State bank of India (SBI) had been conducted SBI PO main exam in various examination centers in all over country. There are huge number of applicants participated in SBI Po main exam on 26 July 2015 in various examination centers. Now all aspirants are curiously waiting for SBI PO Main exam solution paper and SBI PO Main exam answer key 2015. So here we are providing latest information about SBI PO main exam review and analysis 26 July 2015 on our website. All applied candidates can check SBI PO main exam review and analysis of General awareness, Logical reasoning, Quantitative aptitude, General knowledge and General English. We have discussed to all information about SBI PO main exam review and which type of question asked in SBI PO Main exam 2015.

SBI PO Main exam review and analysis 2015 morning and evening shift: Here candidates can check SBI PO main exam review and analysis on our website. SBI PO Main exam review and analysis is very important for those students will give SBI PO exam in future. As you know that, Time management is plays very important role in any bank exam. In bank exam there are total 200 questions in 120 mints. So candidates concentrate to how to attempt bank exam. In below this article we are going to discuss about general knowledge question asked in SBI PO main exam and exam review and analysis SBI PO main exam 26 July 2015.

SBI PO Main exam review and analysis 2015:

General Reasoning:

  • Total number of question – 50
  • Level of exam – Moderate to easy
  • Good Attempt – 22-27

Question asked from this section:

  • Cause and effect
  • Data Sufficiency
  • Statement and arrangement
  • High Level Reasoning
  • Input and output
  • Rank
  • Syllogism problem
  • Puzzle


  • In Logical reasoning section, Puzzle type questions were tough
  • Input and output type problem difficult
  • Critical reasoning was easy
  • Overall section was moderate

Data analysis and interpretation:

  • Total Number of question – 50
  • Level of exam – Difficult
  • Good Attempt – 15-20

Question asked from this section:

  • Line Graph
  • Bar Graph
  • Pie Chart
  • Table chart
  • Quadratic equation


  • This section was difficult compare than last year.
  • Time consuming

General Awareness and marketing:

  1. Total number of question- 50
  2. Level of exam – easy
  3. Good attempt- 35-40

Question asked from this area:

  • Static (GK) Banking
  • Last 6 month current affairs
  • Computer awareness and marketing
  • National and international current affairs
  • Banking awareness last 3-4 month
  • Important day and date
  • Marketing aptitude
  • Computer part was easy as well as general awareness

General English:

  • Total number of question – 50
  • Level of Exam – Moderate
  • Good Attempt- 25-30

Question asked form this section:

  • Antonyms
  • Synonyms
  • Error spotting
  • Reading comprehension
  • Fill in blank
  • Cloze test
  • Spelling mistake

Analysis of English section:

  • Reading comprehension part was moderate to difficult
  • Cloze test was little bit lengthy
  • Para jumble and fill in blank was easy

General knowledge question asked in SBI PO main exam 26 July 2015

General Knowledge question asked in SBI PO Main exam morning and evening shift 26 July 2015

SBI PO main exam review and analysis 26 July 2105 morning shift

SBI PO main exam review and analysis 26 July 205 evening shift

LIC ADO Exam review 2015- GK and insurance question asked in morning and evening shift 25 july 2015

Hello Friends, how are you? Back with latest update related to LIC ADO exam review and analysis 2015. AS you know that, Earlier Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) organization has been released big notification regarding LIC ADO recruitment 2015 for 5000 post on official website.  There are huge numbers of applicants applied for LIC ADO recruitment 2015 before last date. The LIC ADO online application form 2015 was completed. After LIC Company was released LIC ADO Admit card 2015 on official website for examination. And Finally LIC Company had successfully conducted LIC ADO online exam on 25 July 2015 in various examination centers across in all over country. Now applied candidates worry about LIC ADO exam answer key 2015, LIC ADO exam review and analysis and which type of General knowledge question asked in LIC ADO exam on 25 July 2015. In this page we are providing full details about LIC ADO exam 2015 like LIC ADO exam review and analysis 2015, LIC ADO exam answer key 2015 and LIC ADO exam GK question 2015. So Participated candidate can check this article for LIC ADO exam review and analysis 2015 as well as LIC ADO exam general knowledge question. In below we are going to discuss about LIC ADO exam review and analysis morning and evening shit 25 July 2015. Applied candidates can check separately LIC ADO Exam review 2015 like reasoning, quantitative aptitude, General awareness and general English.

LIC ADO exam answer key 2015 download at  Today here we are giving LIC ADO exam answer key 25 July 2015 in morning and evening shit. Applied candidates can check this article and download LIC ADO exam answer key 2015 in both shift. We know, LIC ADO exam was over on 25 July 2015 in all over India. Participated candidates are curiously waiting for LIC ADO exam answer key 2015 and LIC ADO exam solved question paper 25 July 2015. Here applied candidates can check LIC ADO exam solved question paper and review in both shift. Our knowledge, LIC ADO exam answer key 2015 did not publish on official website. The LIC ADO exam answer key 2015 morning and evening shift will be release on official website as soon as possible. So here we are advised to all students  who  are participated in LIC ADO exam on 25 July 2015 regularly visit official website as well as our website. If LIC organization will upload any information related to LIC ADO exam 2015 like answer key, result, cut off  and merit list, we will also provide same link on official website. In below applied candidates check some step to download answer key of LIC Ado exam through official website.

How to download LIC ADO exam Answer key 2015:

  • First of all applied candidates go to official website of LIC
  • Then need to click on “Answer key” Button
  • And after then click on LIC ADO exam answer key 2015
  • And login in your account and click on download button
  • And answer key save it on your PC and match your answer with answer key

Click here to download LIC ADO exam answer key 2015

LIC ADO Exam review and analysis 25 July 2015:

  1. The Exam review and analysis is very important part for examination, if you have review of exam then you get basic idea about cut off marks as well as your performance in exam.
  2. Here we are going to discuss about exam review and analysis of all section separately like reasoning, general knowledge, general English and numerical ability.
  3. Here applied students can also check which type of GK question asked in LIC ADO exam on 25 July 2015. In below we are also providing some general knowledge question asked in LIC ADO exam morning shift on 25 July 2015.

LIC ADO Exam overall review and analysis 2015:

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General Reasoning:

  • Total Number of question – 25
  • Good Attempt- 17+
  • Level of Exam – Very easy

Question asked in this section:

  • Coding-decoding
  • Puzzle
  • Arthematic reasoning
  • Logical reasoning
  • Seating arrangement
  • Statement and conclusion
  • Blood relation
  • Direction type question
  • And other

Click here to download Reasoning question asked in LIC ADO exam 25 july 2015 morning shift 

Quantitative aptitude:

  • Total number of question -25
  • Level of Exam – Very easy
  • Good attempt- 20+

Question asked in this section:

  • Profit and loss
  • Ratio and proportion
  • Simplification
  • Simple and compound interest
  • Data interpretation
  • Number series
  • TSD
  • And others

General English:

  • Total number of question- 25
  • Level of exam – Moderate
  • Good attempt – 17-21

Question asked in this section

  • Reading comprehension
  • Filling blank
  • Cloze test
  • Spelling mistake
  • Error correction
  • Antonyms and synonyms
  • Rearrangement
  • Other question

General Awareness:

  • Total number of question – 25
  • Level of exam – Moderate
  • Good attempt – 17-20 question

LIC ADO General Knowledge and current affairs question asked on 25 July 2015:

  1. Recently Which state launched” Mukhymantri teerth darshan yojna”-M.P
  2. Name of the rail minister – Mr.Suresh Prabhu
  3. Recently titanic movie music director died name – James Horner
  4. Kumbh Mela held on 2015- Nasik
  5. One question related to Jail term on cheque bounce according to nia act – 2 years
  6. Name of the president of IMF – Cristina Legard
  7. Assam capital – Dispur
  8. One question related to Nestle Company took back to from India
  9. Headquarter of AIIB-Beijing, China
  10. One question asked about age limit for minor’s open bank account – 10 years
  11. Amnesty international Headquarter – London
  12. Name of the youngest player make test century – Mohammad Asharful
  13. Pulitzer Prize 2015 – all the light we cannot see by Antthony doerr
  14. Name of Holy book of Pairs – Avesta
  15. JSC bicom company – Russia
  16. One question related to grand slam Tournament
  17. National youth Day observed – 12 January
  18. Name of china-srilnaka joint military exercise – Silk Route 2015
  19. Retures is the famous agency belong to which country – UK
  20. Dandiya ras dance famous in which state – Gujarat
  21. Vikku Vinyakram plays which instrument – Ghatam
  22. Name of the highest award given war time?-Parm Veer Chakara
  23. PMGJDY Premium –  Rs.330/-
  24. SAARC Chairmen- Arjun Bhadhur Thpaa
  25. Mennakshi amma temple situated in which state – Tamil Nadu
  26. Chairmen of Niti Ayoug – Narendra Modi
  27. Name of the ICC Chairmen- N.Srinivasan

Insurance and Financial marketing question:

  • Total number of question – 50
  • Level of exam – Easy
  • Good attempt- 30-35 question

Click here to download insurance and financial question asked in LIC ADO exam 2015 

general knowledge question asked in LIC ADO exam evening shift 25 july 2015:

  1. Name of the Indigo parent company – Inter Globe Enterprises
  2. Whats app acquired by which company – Facebook
  3. Who was won world Junior Chess Championship – Lu Shangali
  4. Name of the president of BRICS Bank – K V Kamath
  5. Bhutan Currency – Ngultrum
  6. Headquarter of IMF- Washington
  7. Name of the author” THE DA VINCI CODE”- Dan Brown
  8. Nobel prize winner in peace prize – Kailash Satyarathi and malala Yousafazi
  9. One question related to last census – 2011
  10. Name of the president of IOC- Thomas Bach
  11. Which day was observed as international refugee day – 20 June
  12. Madras Atomic station was located – Tamil Nadu
  13. How many bharat Ratana distributed till now date – 45
  14. One question related to UNPSC award winner – Queen Sirikrti national institute of Child health
  15. CM of Mizoram – Pu Lal Thanhawala
  16. Stands of NREGA- National Rural of Employment Guarantee Act
  17. Which day was observed as Pravasi Bhartiya Divas? – 9th January
  18. One question related to ASHA
  19. OSCAR award winner move name
  20. Pandit Vishwa Mohan is player famous in which instrument- Mohan Veena
  21. Indian biggest employer name – Indian railways
  22. Who was recently appointed as brand ambassador of “Visit Britain “- Saif ali Khan

List of Award and Honours 2015 in pdf -Nobel Prize, Oscar awards, Sports award and film fare award

Welcome to bankers herald reader, Today we are providing new information about general awareness. As you know that, general awareness is the most important part of every government exam like SSC, IBPS, CLAT and other government exam. So those students are honestly preparation for government exam like SSC, bank, railway and other competitive exam must check this article. In this post we are going to provide list of award and honors.

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Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Awardees:

Name of Person


Sport Discipline

Viswanathan Anand 1991-92 Chess
Geet Sethi 1992-93 Billiards
Cdr.Homi D.Motivala 1994-95 Yachting
Lt.Cdr.P.K.Garg 1994-95 Yachting
Karnam Malleswari 1995-96 Weightlifting
Nameirakpam Kunjarani 1996-97 (Joint) weightlifting
Leander Paes 1996-97 Tennis
Sachin Tendulakar 1997-98 Cricket
Jyotimoyee Sikdar 1998-99 Athletics
Dhanraj Pillay 1999-2000 Hockey
Pullela Gopichand 2001-02 Badminton
Abhinav Bindra 200102 Shooting
Anjali Ved Pathak Bhagwat 2002-03 (Joint) Shooting
K.M.Beenamol 2002-03 Athletics
Anju Bobby George 2003-04 Athletics
Lt.Col Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore 2004-05 Shooting
Pankaj Advani 2005-06 Billiards and Snooker
Manavjit Singh Sandhu 2006-07  In Shooting
Mahendra Singh Dhoni 2007-08 Cricket
Mary Kom 2008-09 Boxing
Vijendra Singh 2008-09 Boxing
Sushil Kumar 2008-09 Wrestling
Saina Nehwal 2009-10 Badminton
Gagan Narang 2010-11 Shooting
Vijay Kumar, Yogeshwar Dutt 2011-12 Shooting, Wrestling

Complete list of all Bharat Ratna Awardees so far:

Name person



Atal Bihari Vajpayee 2015 Former prime minister and Poet,
Madan Mohan Malaviya 2015 Educationist  and Politician,
Sachin Tendulakar 2014 Cricketer
C.N.R.Rao 2014 Chemist
Bhimsen Joshi 2009 Hindustani Classical vocalist 
Late pandit Bhimsen Gururaj joshi 2008 Karnataka
Kumari Lata dinanath manageshkar 2001 Maharashtra
Bismillah Khan 2001 Contribution in the field of arts and film
Prof.Amartya Sen 1999 Literature and Education field, UK  
Lokpriya Gopinath (Posth) 1999 Public Affairs, Assam
Loknayak Jayaprakash 1999 Public Affairs, Bihar
Pandit Ravi Shankar 1999 Contribution in field of Arts from united states
Shri Chidambaram Subramaniam 1998 Public Affairs
Smt.M.S.Subbulakshmi 1998 Contribution in field of Arts
Dr.APJ Abdul Kalam 1997 Field of Science and engineering
Smt.Aruna Asaf 1997 Public Affairs
Shri Gulzari lal Nanda 1997 Public Affairs
Shri JRD Tata 1992 Contribution in field of Trade and Industry
Shri Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad 1992 Contribution in public affairs
Shri Satyajit Ray 1992 Contribution in field of Arts
Shri Morarji Ranchhodji Desai 1991 Contribution in Public Affairs
Shri Rajiv Gandhi 1991 Public Affairs
Sardar Vallabhbhai patel 1991 Public Affairs
Dr.Bhimrao Ramji Ambedakar 1990 Public affairs
Dr.Nelson Rolihlala Mandela 1990 Public Affairs from South Africa
ShriMarudurGopalan Ramachandran 1988 Public affairs
Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan 1987 Social network from Pakistan
Shri Acharya Vinoba Bhave 1983 Filed of Social network
Mother Teressa 1980 Field of Social network
Shri Kumaraswamy kamraj 1976 Public Affairs
Shri V.V.Giri 1975 Public affairs
Smt.Indra Gandhi 1971 Contribution in Public affairs
Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri 1966 Public affairs
Dr.Pandurang Vaman Kane 1963 Public affairs
Dr.Zakir Hussain 1963 Public affairs
Dr.Rajaendra Prasad 1962 Public affairs
Dr.Bidhan Chandra Roy 1961 Public affairs
Shri Purushottam Tandon 1961 Public affairs
Dr.Dhondo Keshav Karve 1958 Social Network
Pt.Govind Ballabh Pant 1957 Public affairs
Dr.Bhagwan Das 1955 Literature and Education
Shri Jawaharlal Nehru 1955 Public affairs
Dr.M.Vishweshwariah 1955 Civil Science
Shri Chakravarti Rajagopalachari 1954 Public affairs
Dr.Chandrasekhara venkata Raman 1954 Science and Engineering
Dr.Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan 1954 Public affairs

List of 2014 Nobel Prize winner:

Nobel Prize Winner list 2014:

Winner name



  •  Isamu Akasaki
  • Hiroshi Amano
  • Shuji Nakamura
The Invention of efficient blue light –emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy saving white light sources Physics
  • Eric Betzig
  •  Stfan W.Hell
  •  William E.Moerner


The big development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy Chemistry
  • John O’Keefe
  • May-Britt Moser
  • Edvard  I. Moser
Purpose their discoveries of cells that constitute a positioning system in brain  MedicinePhysiology
  •  Patrick Modiano
The art of memory with which he has evoked the most ungraspable human destinies and uncovered the life-world of the occupation Literature
  • Kailash Satyarthi
  •  Malala Yousafzai
Their Struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right children education Peace Prize
  • Jean Tirole
For his analysis of market power and regulation Economic

List of Nobel Prize Winner 2015:

NOBEL Prize Winner 2015 Pdf:

Winner name Purpose Filed name
1.       Tunisian Dialogue Mediators For Its decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in Tunisia in the wake of the jasmine Revolution 2011  

Peace Prize

2.       Svetlana Alexievich   Literature
·         Arthur B. Mcdonald

·         Takaaki Kajita


·         Paul L.Modrich

·         Tomas Lindahl

·         Aziz Sancar

·         Satoshi Omura

·         Tu Youyou

·         William C.Campbell

  Physiology and medicine

Complete List of Oscar Award winner 2015:

87th Academy Awards important info:

Date 22 February 2015
Site Dolby Theater Hollywood, Los angles, California, U.S 
Host Neil Patrick Harris
Pre Show Jess Cagle Robin Roberts Lara Spencer Michael Starahan Joe Zee

List of Oscar award winner 2015:

Best Picture Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance) 
Best Actor Eddie Redmayne  in (The theory of everything)
Best Actress Julianne Moore in ( Still Alice)
Best Director Birdman (The unexpected Virtue of Ignorance)
 Best Supporting Actor J.K.Simmons in ( Whiplash)
 Best Supporting Actress Patrica Arquette in (Boyhood)
Best Adapted Screenplay  “The lmaitation Game written by Graham Moore”
Best original Screen play Birdman or (The unexpected Virtue of Ignorance)
Animated Features  Big Hero 6
Best Documentary Features CitizenFour
Best original Song Glory Form Selma
Foreign language Film “Lda” Poland
Original Score  The Grand Budapest Hotel 
Best Film Editing Whiplash by Tom Cross
Visual Effect Inerstellar
Costume Design The Grand Budapest Hotel

Complete List of Film Fare Award 2015:

Best Actor Shaid Kapoor, Haider
Best actress Kangana Ranaut , Queen
Best Male Debut Fawad Afzal Khan, movie- Khoobsurat
Best Female Debut Kriti Sanon, Heropanti
Best Film Queen
Best Supporting Actress Tabu, Haider
Best Director Vikash Bahal , Queen
Best Supporting Actor Kay Kay Menon,  movie from Haider
Best female play back singer Kanika Kapoor
Best male play back singer Ankit Tiwari
Life time achievement award Kammini Kaushal
Best music director Shankar-Ehsaan-Loy
Best Story Rajat Kapoor, movie Ankho Dekhi
Best Critics award for Best movie Ankhon Dekhi, Rajat kapoor
Best Choreography Ahmed Khan, Kick
Best Lyricist Rashmi Singh, Muskurane
Best Editing Anurag Kashyap
Best Dialogue Abhijit Kokate, PK
Best Action Sham Kaushal, Gunday
Best Debut Director Abhishek Verman

Sports Award 2015:

Wimbledon winner 2015:

Men’s Single Winner Runner Up
Novak Djokovic Roger Federer
Women’s Single Serena Williams Petra Kvitova
Men’s Double  Bob BryanMike Bryan Ivan DodigMarcelo Melo
Women’s Double Martina HingisSania Mirza Ekaterina MakarovaElena Vesnina

Other tennis tournament winners and runner up list 2015:

                                                                      Australian Open 2015
Australian Open 2015 Title winner Title runner up
Men’s single Novak Djokovic (Serbia) Anday Murray
Women’s single Serena Williams Maria Sharapova
                                            French Open  winner and runner up list 2015
Men’s single Stan Wawrinka Novak Djokovic
Women’s single Serena Williams Lucie Safarova
                                           US Open winner and runner up list  2014
Men’s single Marin Cilic Kei Nishikori
Women’s single Serena Williams CarolineWozniazki
                                                                Mutua Madrid Open winner list  2015
Men’s single Anday Murray  
Women’s single Petra Kvitova  

National and International Organization with Head and Headquarter pdf download

List of important Indian organization with Heads for IBPS, SBI and Po exam 2015:

Name of organization


Chief Economic Advisor Arivind Subramanian
Chief Election Commission V.S. Sampath
Reserve bank of India (RBI) Raghu Ram Rajan
RAW Alok Singh
SBI Arundhati Bhattacharya
Intelligence Bureau (IB) Dineshwar Sharma
Institute of banking personal selection (IBPS) Mr.Anup Shankar
IRDA T S Vijayan
ISRO Shailesh Nayak
NABARD Harash Kumar Bhanwala
NASSOCOM Krishnakumar Natarajan
SSC Amitava Bhattacharya
TRAI Rahul Khullar
UGC Ved Prakash
UPSC Rajni Razdan
DRDO Avinash Chander
FICCI Sidharth Birala
ASSOCHAM Rana Kapoor
CAG Shashi Kant Sharma
CBDT Anita Kapoor
CBI Anil Kumar Sinha
CCI Ashok Chawla
National Commission for women Lalitha Kumaramangalm
National Innovation Commission Sam Pitroda
National Security Advisor Shivshankar Menon
National Security Council Yakov Amridor
Attorney General of India  Mukul Rohatagi
Bombay Stock exchange Ashish Chauhan
National Stock exchange Chitra Ramkrishna
PM Economic Advisor C.Rangrajan
Press Council Of India  Chandramauli
Press trust of India Mr. Mahaendra Mohan Gupta

List of Important International organization with head and Headquarter for IBPS, SSC, SBI and PO exam 2015:

Organization name



United Nations(UNO)  New york Ban-Ki-Moon
International Court of Justice (ICG) The Hauge, Netherland Judge Peter Tomka
International Labour Organization (ILO) Geneva Guy Ryder
Food & Agriculture Organization (FAO) Rome, Italy Jose Grazino da Siliva
World Health Organization (WHO) Geneva Dr.Marget Chain
United Nations Children’s Funds (UNICEF) New York Anthony Lake
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugee (UNHCR) Geneva Antonio Guterres
United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)   Paris Irina Bokova
World Bank Washington D.C Jim Yong Kim
International Monetary Fund (IMF) Washington D>C Christine Lagarde
World Trade Organization (WTO) Geneva Robert Azevedo
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Vienna, Austria Yukiya Amano
Non Aligned Movement (NAM) —— Mohamed Morsi
South Asian Association for Regional Co-Operation (SAARC) Kathmandu, Nepal Ahemed Saleem
Commonwealth of nations  London Queen Elizabeth-II
Amnesty International London Salil shetty 
Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) Pairs Jose Angel Gurria
Organization of Petroleum Exporting countries (OPEC)  Geneva Abdalla-Salem-EL-Badri
European Commission   Jose Manuel Durao Barroso
International Cricket council (ICC)  Dubai, UEA Alan Issac
FIFA Zurich, Switzerland Jospeh Sepp Blatter
Federal Reserve Bank of America ——- Ben Bernanke
Assian Development bank (ADB) Manila Haruhiko Kuroda

List of other important organization with Head and headquarter for bank exam 2015:

Organization name



World metrological Organization (WMO) Geneva Michel Jarraud
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) New York Helen Clark
General Agreement on Tariff and Trade (GATT) Geneva Peter Sutherland
International Development Associations (IDA) Washington D.C Jim yong kam
United Nations Environment nations programme (UNEP) Nairobi Achim Steiner
United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) New York Dr. Babatunde Osotimehin
United Nations Conference on Trade and development (UNCTAD) Geneva Mukhisa Kituyi
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Brussel Jens Stoltenberg
South East Asia Treaty organization (SEATO) Bangkok, Thailand ———
Organization of African Union (OAU) Adis Ababa, Ethiopia Muammar al-Gaddafi
Association of South East Asian nations (ASEAN) Jakarta, Indonesia Le Luong Minth
Inter Pole Lyons, France Mr Mireille Ballestrazzi
Red Cross Geneva  
World Social forum Brazil  
International maritime Organization (IMO)  London Koji Sekimizu


Indian Culture General knowledge for ssc, upsc and Ias exam-Pdf download

Indian Culture:

Basically India is popular for own culture amongst all the countries; Indian culture is one of the known cultures to humanity. Although it is very difficult to defined Indian culture heritage of India but still an attempt has been made to cover some of the most important relevant areas of Indian culture.


The major sections are as follows:

  • Literature
  • Dance
  • Music
  • Architecture


Name of Book Name of author
Ramayana Valmiki
Mahabharata Ved Vyas
Ramcharti Manas Tulsidas
Ashtadhyayi Panini
Abhigyan Shakuntalam Kalidas
Meghdoot Kalidas
Vikmovarshiyam Kalidas
Ritusamhar Kalidas
Mrichchkatika Shudraka
Ratnavali Harsha Vardhan
Geetgovinda Jayadeva
Arthashastra Vishnugupt/Chanakya
Kamasutra Vatsyayan
Svapnavasavdattam Bhaasa
Manusmriti Manu
Ananda Math/Kapal Kundala Bankim Chandra Chatterjee
Devdas Sharat Chandra Chatterjee
Gitanjali Rabindranath Tagore
Gita Rahasya B.G. Tilak
Harsha Charita Banabhatta
Kadambari Banabhatta
Kamyani Jai Shankar Prasad
Mundra Rakshas Vishakhadutta
Panchatantra Vishnu Sharma
Satyartha Prakash Swami Dayananda Saraswati
Mitakshara Vignaneshwara
Godan Premchand
Sooryakanthi G Sankara Kurup


  • In India dance can be divided into two types. Like classical dance and folk dance.

Important Classical dances of India:

Name of the dance                Region Some important facts
Kathakali, Mohiniattam, Chakiarkoothu, ottum thual Kerala A. Pallavi Krishnan and Bharti Shivaji are the famous exponents of Mohiniattam from of dance.B. Madavoor Vasudevan nair is famous exponent of Kathakali from of dance
Bharatnatyam Tamil Nadu A.      The famous exponents of this dance from are Yamini Krishnamurty, Padma Subramanyam, Mallika Sarabhai
Kuchipudi Andhra Pradesh
  • The famous exponents of this dance from are form are Raja and Radha Reddy, Yamini Krishnamurty, Malika Sarabhai
Odissi Orissa
  • ·The Famous exponents of this dance form are late Kelucharan Mahapatra,  and Sonal Mansingh
Kathak Uttarpradesh
  • The Famous exponents of this dance from Birjoo Maharaj and Uma Sharma
Manipuri Manipur
Yakshagana Karnataka
                                                Popular Folks Dances of India
Chhou Nach and Ghambira West Bengal
Kolattam Kerala
Bhangara Punjab
Nautanki Uttar Pradesh
Dandya Ras and Garba Gujarat
Tamasha Maharashtra
Fegun and Jata Jatin Bihar
Macha Madhya Pradesh
Ankia Nat and Bihu Assam
Ghummar Rajasthan


List of Famous and Important music artist of India and their associated disciplines:

Name of Musician Famous in
Pt.Bhimsen Joshi Hindustani Vocalist
Pt. Jasraj Hindustani Vocalist
Late M.S. Subbulakshmi Famous Carnatic Vocalist
Allauddin Khan Hindustani Vocalist
Bade Gulam Ali khan Hindustani Vocalist
Basavraj Rajguru Hindustani Vocalist
Dr.M.Balmuralikrishna Carnatic Vocalist
D.K.Pattamal Carnatic Vocalist
K.J.Yesudas Carnatic Vocalist
Late Gangubai Hangal Hindustani Vocalist
Parveen Sultan Hindustani Vocalist
Rajan and Sajan Mishra Hindustani Vocalist
Kishori Amonkar Hindustani Vocalist
Pt.Ravi Shankar Sitar
Pt. Ajya Chakraborty Hindustani Vocalist
Ustad ali Akbar Khan Sarod
Ustad Amjal Ali Khan Sarod
Pt.Hari Prasad Chaurasiya Flute

Important musical instrumental of India:

Name of the musical instrument Name of the Artist
Sitar Pandit Ravi Shankar, Debu Chaudhary, Annapuran Devi, Anoushka Shankar
Flute Pt.Hari Prasad Chourasiya, Jayantha Bannerjee
Violin N.Rajam, P.L.Pawar
Sarod Amjad ali Kihan, Ali Akbar Khan, Aman and Aryan Ali bangish, Sharan rani
Shehnai Bismillah Khan, Shailesh Bhagat, Anant Lal
Tabla Shafat Ahemed, kishan maharaj, late Allah Rakha, Ustad Zakir Hussian
Santoor Bhajan Sopori, Shiv Kumar Sharma
Mohan veena Vishwa Mohan bhatt
Sarangi Ram Narayan

Sports general knowledge for SSC, UPSC and IAS exam-Pdf download

Important Sports Festivals of the world:


The Olympic:

  • Olympic is the world’s most prestigious, international sports festival. These game originated in the ancient city of Greece.

Modern Olympic Games: 

  • Frenchman Baron de Coubertin is known as the father of modern Olympic Games which started in 1896, in Athens. These Games are held every four years, since then.
  • The winter Olympic games were started separately in 1924 in France.

Some important fact about Olympic game:

  • The Modern Olympic Games were held at Athens, capital of Greece in 1896.
  • India has been never hosted the Olympic Games in its history.
  • Last Olympic Game was held in 2012 in London and was the 30th edition of the Game.
  • The Olympic flag is white in colour and has the emblem five rings, embedded at the center of the flag.
  • The Emblem is made up of five intertwined rings having different colours which represent five continents of the world.
  • Olympic motto is “Citius, Altius, Furtius” which means swifter, higher, and stronger.

Commonwealth game:

  • The Commonwealth games were held first in 1930 at Canada. They are also held every four years, midway between Olympic Games.

Asian Games:

  • Asian games were held at Asian countries. J.L.Nehru was instrumental in giving shape to Asian games. First Asian Games were held at New Delhi in 1951 and since then, these games have been taking place every four years.

World Cup:

  • It is related to cricket, almost all the sporting events has world cup generally conducted with an interval of every four years.

List of important International Cups, Trophies and Associated Sports Disciplines:

Name of Cup/trophy Associated sports
Davis Cup/Federation (Women) Lawn Tennis
Wimbledon Trophy Law tennis
Australian Open Lawn tennis
US Open, French open Lawn tennis
Derby Horse racing
Merdeka Football
Thomas Cup (Men) Badminton
Uber Cup (Women) Badminton
Yonex Cup Badminton
Walker Cup Golf
Ryder Cup Golf
Canada Cup Golf
William Jones Cup Basketball
Champions Trophy Hockey
Champions League Football
Sultan Azlan Shah Cup Hockey

List of Important national Cups, trophies and Associated Sports Disciplines:

Name of the Cup/trophy Associated sports
Duleep Trophy Cricket
Shish mahal Trophy Cricket
Ranji Trophy (National title) Cricket
Vijay Hazarey Trophy Cricket
Irani Trophy Cricket
Durand Cup Football
Santosh memorial Trophy Football
Subroto Cup Football
Rovers Cup  Football
Sanjay Gold Cup Football
Nizam Gold Cup Football
DR. B.C Roy Trophy ( National Junior Championship) Football
Rangaswami Cup (National Title) Hockey
Lady Ratan Tata Trophy Hockey
Nehru Trophy Hockey
Aga Khan Gold Cup Hockey
Beighton Cup Hockey
Guru Nanak Championship ( All-India Women) Hockey
Dhyan Chand Trophy Hockey
Murugappa Gold Cup Hockey
Ezar Cup Polo

Important terms Associated with sports disciplines:

Sports name Term associated with sports disciplines
Badminton Luv, deuce, drop, smash, double touch
Basketball Pivot, dribble, basket, block, held ball
Billiards Spider, baulk cue, scratch, cannon,
Boxing Hook, rounds, punch, Jab, countdown, knock-outs, all the weight, (Flyweight, middleweight, heavyweight, etc)
Bridge Tricks, trump, suite, little slam, rubber
Chess Knight, king, sicilian , defence, move, gambit, checkmate, rook, stalemate, queen, bishop, pawn
Cricket Gylly, hat-trick, pull, beamer, hook, googly, flick, follow-on, maiden, declare,
Golf Tee, birdie, club, course, Iron, eagle, links, caddie, putt, hole, bogey, force, Nibilic
Hockey Center, penalty-stroke, free hit, foul, carry, stick, corner, dribble, trapping
Table tennis Deuce, drop, spin, smash, let
Tennis Grand slam,lob, ace, passing shot, top-spin, forehand, crosscourt, deuce, down the line, slice
Volleyball Heave, serve, blocking, point, doubling

Science General Knowledge for SSC, UPSC and IAS exam

Again back with new update regarding general knowledge, as you know there are many topics cover in General knowledge section such as general science gk, Sports GK, Geographical fact about India, National and international organization, important books and author, Important abbreviation, important sobriquets, important fact about world and India and other topics. Today we are going to discuss about General Science GK includes many topics like various important branches of Science, Important units and measurement, Medical discoveries, Important scientific inventions, Scientific instrument, Important vaccines, important point about human body and vitamins , and various diseases.

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Important Branches of Science:

Name of Science Its related to
Acoustics Sound and sound waves
Aeronautics Activities of flying 
Agronomy Production of crops and soil management
Anatomy Dissertational learning of animal and human body
Anthropology Origin, culture and physical development of man 
Archaeology Study of material remains of past as proofs
Astronautics Space vehicles and traveling in space 
 Astronomy Planets
Biology Science of living organism
Botany Plants
Cardiology Heart and related diseases
Ceramics Manufacturing  of clay objects
Cetology Aquatic mammals, especially the whales
Cosmology Universe
Cryogenics Studying effects of low temperature
Cytology Structure and function of cells
Dactylogy Study of fingerprints
Dermatology Skin
Dietetics Diet and nutrition
Ecology Organisms and environment relationship
Entomology Insects
Endocrinology Endocrine glands
Etymology Origin and History
Genetics Heredity and its laws
Geology Earth’s structure (Chemical and physical)
Gerontology Ageing process, problems and diseases
Gynecology Female diseases of reproductive system
Heamatology Blood and related disorders
Histology Tissues
Immunology Body’s immune system
Morphology External structure of living organisms
Mycology Fungi and fungal diseases
Nephrology Kidney
Obstetrics Pregnancy, child birth and their follow up 
Ornithology Birds
Orthopedics Human skeletal system
Osteology Study of bones
Paediatrics Child diseases
Paleontology Fossils and ancient life-forms 
Pathology Mechanisms and manifestation of diseases
Pharmacology Drugs and their effect on the body
Physiology Life processes of various organs of living begins
Psychiatry Mental disorders
Semiology Sign language and signs
Seismology Earthquakes
Theology Religions
Toxicology Toxic substance and poisons
Zoology Animal life
Zymology Fermentation process

Important Units with measurement:

Name of units Used to measure
Ampere Electric current
Angstrom Wavelength of light
Bar Atmospheric pressure
Calorie Quantity of heat
Candela Luminous intensity
Celsius Temperature
Coulomb Electric charge
Decibel Sound level
Dyne Force
Erg Work
Fahrenheit Temperature
Fathom Depth of Water
Faraday Electric charge
Gauss Magnetic induction
Henry Inductance
Hertz Frequency
Horsepower Power
Joule Work of Energy
Kelvin Temperature
Light year Distance
Newton Force ( SI Unit)
Ohm Electrical resistance
Pascal Pressure
Poise Viscosity
Volt Electrical potential
Watt Power

Medical discovers:

Discovery Discovered by
Penicillin Alexander Fleming
Aspirin Felix Hoffmann
Blood circulation William Harvey
Blood group K.Landsteiner
Cholera Robert Koch
Electro cardiogram (ECG) Williem Einthoven
Heart transplant surgery Christian Barnard
Malaria germs A. Laveran
Ultrasound Ian Donald

Important Scientific Inventions:

Name of invention Name of inventor
Aero plane Wright Brothers
Bicycle K. Macmillan
Centigrade scale A.Celsius
Computer Charles Babbage
Diesel Engine Rudolf Diesel
Dynamite Alfred Nobel
Dynamo Michael Faraday
Electric Lamp Thomas Alva Edison
Fountain Pen L.E. Waterman
Gramophone Thomas Alva Edison
Jet engine Sir Frank Whittle
Microphone David Hughes
Microscope Z. Jansen
Radium Marie and Pierre Curie
Safety lamp Sir Humphery Davy
Safety Pin William Hurst
Sewing machine B. Thimmonnier
Shorthand (Modem) Sir Isaac pitman
Steam Engine Thomas Newcome
Telegraph code Samuel F.B. Morse
Telephone Alexander Graham bell
Telescope Hans Lippershey
Television John Logie Baird
Thermometer Galileo Galilei
X-ray Wilhelm Roentgen

click here to download General Science GK

Geography fact about world for SSC, Bank, IAS and UPSC Exam-General Knowledge

Now here we are going to represent about Basic geographical facts asked in various competitive exams like UPSC, IAS, SSC, SSC CGL, CLAT and another exam. So those students are going to participate in an upcoming competitive exam must check this article.

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Physical Geography important point:

Planets:The definition of planets, the revolving around the sun is called planets. There are total eight known planets.

  • Mercury- mercury is closest to the sun and is the fastest planet to revolve around the Sun
  • Venus- It is the Brightest and the hottest planet in all
  • Earth- One only known planet to possess life
  • Mars- mars is known as the Red planet. Explored for life by astronomers now, as it is having similarities with the earth
  • Jupiter- Largest Planet of the all solar systems
  • Saturn-it is the sixth planet from the sun and the second largest planet in the solar system.
  • Uranus
  • Neptune

Note- Pluto used to be a planet, but recently has been discarded as a planet and it’s no longer counted as a planet.


These are celestial bodies that move around the sun. Two most popular comets known, are as mentioned:

  • Halley’s comet: It was discovered by British astronomer Edmond Halley, takes 76.1 years to encircle the sun. It was last seen on 9 February 1986.
  • Smith-Tuttle comet- Huge comet heading on a collision course with earth on August 17, 2116.


 Definition of Satellities, these are the bodies which revolve around the planets. Mercury and Venus have no    satellites. Earth has only one natural satellite, the Moon. Jupiter has the maximum number of satellites.


Moon first planet of our solar system visited by man. On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin were the first to reach foot on the moon, and between them, Neil Armstrong is the first person to have set foot on the moon.


Earth shapes defined is as an oblate spheroid, like a ball which is flattened at the poles.

Important point about Earth Planet:

  • Distance from the sun almost 1, 49, 407, 000 km
  • Total time taken by Earth to revolve around the sun: 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes and 45.51 seconds.
  • Total Time taken by Earth for rotating on its own axis: 23 hour 56 minutes and approx 4.09 Sec.
  • Earth is covered 70 percent by water and 30 percent by Land.

Movement of Earth:

  • The earth revolves around the sun is an elliptical orbit. One complete revolution is called a year and this revolution of Earth causes changes of seasons.
  • The earth rotates on its own imaginary axis also, simultaneously revolving around the sun. The earth moves from west to east. This causes day and night.

Note down– Duration of days and nights is equal at the equator


Solar eclipse: it happens when the Moon comes between the sun and the Earth, and its this effect hindrance is sun’s light, when viewed from the earth.

Lunar eclipse: When the Earth comes between the Moon and the Sun,  which Shadow cast by the Earth on the Moon causes called Lunar eclipse.


  • The Earth is encircled by a gaseous cover called the atmosphere. There are various gases in the atmosphere such as Oxygen, Nitrozen, Carbon Dioxide, Helium, Argon, Xenon, etc.
  • As your knowledge, Atmosphere is divided mainly into four Layers:


  • The troposphere is the nearest layer to the Earth’s Surface and is up to 15 km of height from the Earth’s surface.


  • The stratosphere layer is from the end of 15 Km of Troposphere, stratosphere is present till 50 Km of the atmosphere


  • Lies between 50 Km and 80 Km above the surface of the Earth.


  • Above the mesosphere and extend from the 80 Km to 400 Km above the Earth’s Surface. Radio communication takes place because of this Layer.

Ozone Layer:

  • The Ozone layer is located in the stratosphere belt of earth’s atmosphere. The basic Ozone gas structure consists of three oxygen atoms.
  • Basically Ozone gas is present in the stratosphere in the form of a layer, which extend from 12 Km to 30 Km above the Earth’s Surface.
  • As you know that, the ozone layer is that it protects mankind from harmful radiations which comes from under spaces like Ultra Violet radiations from the sun
  • But Now-a-days this layer is getting depleted, which can make skin cancer and damage vegetation.
  • The main reason behind the depletion of this layer is pollution and pollutants present in the atmosphere like chlorofluorocarbons, which comes from the refrigerator, aerosols, air conditioners and solvent.


  • The earth’s surface is made up of big land masses which are divided into seven continents.

The Seven Continents are as mentioned below:

  • Asia: The Asia is the largest continent
  • Africa- It is the Largest desert name as the Sahara.
  • North America
  • South America
  • Antarctica
  • Europe
  • Oceania (Australia): it is the smallest continent, only one continent with capital i.e., Canberra


There are five oceans, on the Earth mentioned below:

  • Pacific
  • Atlantic
  • Indian
  • Arctic
  • Antarctic

 Note down: The South China sea has the maximum area among all the sea of the world


Rocks from the crust of the Earth. Basically rocks are mineral material. They are divided into three broad categories.

  • Igneous rocks: The Igneous constitutes 90% of the Earth’s crust
  • Metamorphic rocks: Original igneous or sedimentary rocks when subject to charge due to pressure or temperature, metamorphose into metamorphic rocks like slate, marble and other material etc.
  • Sedimentary rocks: These rocks are formed from the sedimentary deposit on the ocean beds, like gypsum, limestone etc.

Mountain peaks of the world:

  • Mountain Ranges:
Name of the mountain Continent
Himalaya-Karakoram Asia
Rockies North America
Alps Europe
Andes South America

Mountain peaks:

Name of Mountain Continent Height (In meters)
Everest Asia 8848
K2 Asia 8610
Kanchenjunga Asia 8590
Lhotse Asia 8500
Makalu 1 Asia 8470
Dhaulagiri Asia 8170
Nanga Parbat Asia 8130
Nanda Devi Asia 7820

Important Water Sourse of the world:

Lakes (natural):

Name Location
Caspian (also known as the Caspian sea) Iran, Azerbaijan, Russia and Kazakhstan
Superior (it is the largest water Lake of North America) USA/Canada
Victoria Kenya/Tanzania
Baikal Russia
Titcaca (it is the highest lake in the world) South America

Most Important Canals (Shipping):

Name of Canals Features Location
Panama Canal Its link the Pacific and the Atlantic Central America
Suez Canal Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea Egypt
Kiel Canal Between Baltic Sea and North America Germany

Important Rivers of the World:

Name of the River Length Location
Nile 6690 Egypt
Amazon 6570 Brazil/South America
Mississippi-Missouri 6020 USA/North America
Yangtze-Kiang 5980 China, Asia
Hwang Ho 4840 China, Asia
Niger 4800 Nigeria, Africa
Congo 4800 Zarie, Africa
Murray 3720 Australia
Volga 3700 Russia, Asia
Indus 3180 India, Pakistan, Asia
Brahmaputra 2960 India, Asia
Danube 2820 Austria, Hugary, Europe

Important World cities on river bank:

Name of city Name of River
London Thames
Rome Tiber
Paris Siene
Vienna Danube
Budapest Danube
Belgrade Danube
Baghdad Tigiris

An important Indian cites with river banks:

Name of city Name of River
Delhi Yamuna
Agra Yamuna
Kolkata Hoogle
Kanpur Ganga
Allahabad Ganga and Yamuna
Nasik Godavari
Indore Narmada
Lucknow Gomit
Srinagar Jhelum

Important Link:

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